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1. Critical Appraisal of Max WeberÐ²Ð‚â„¢s Bureaucracy as a Philosophy of Management Today
Max Weber is the writer most often associated with the bureaucratic approach to organizations. WeberÐ²Ð‚â„¢s ideas of bureaucracy were a reaction to managerial abuses of power. He looked for methods to eliminate managerial inconsistencies that contributed to ineffectiveness, and his solution was a set of principles for organizingÐ²Ð‚â„¢ group effort through a bureaucratic organization. Although the term bureaucracy, has been popularized as a means of referring to organizations that Ð²Ð‚Ñšrule too rigidly by the book,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ these principles are found in virtually every formal organization, today.
Max Weber proposed the development of ideal bureaucracy. WeberÐ²Ð‚â„¢s ideal bureaucracy was designed to eliminate inefficiency and waste in organizations. Many of the principles that he proposed many years ago are applied in the design of large organizations today. In fact, the term bureaucracy, that many consider similar to Ð²Ð‚Ñšred tape,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ has a much broader and positive meaning because of Max Weber.
The basic principles of bureaucratic organization are:
1. A division of labor by functional specialization.
2. A well-defined hierarchy of authority.
3. A system of rules covering the rights and duties of employees.
4. A system of procedures for dealing with work situations.
5. Impersonal relations between people.
6. Promotion and selection based on technical competence.
One of the more dramatic examples of the strengths and weaknesses of bureaucratic organization is the civil service. A fact that sometimes escapes the demanding public is that usually services such as the issuance of the National ID card, birth certificate and many others can be delivered quickly and cheaply across the country. Coordinating the efforts of a large number of employees such as the civil service is possible only because the civil service has a...