Autor: ms.lola 04 May 2011
Words: 576 | Pages: 3
This semester we have spent the majority of our time learning about and
discussing how we can best assist exceptional students. Many of these
students are individuals with learning dissabilities. Although it would be
difficult for every teacher to understand the distinctions, symptoms,
weaknesses and strengths of every disability, it can be very helpful to have
a general knowledge of the disabilities that may hinder a students ability to
learn. Unlike other disabilities like paralysis and blindness, a learning
disability (LD) is a hidden handicap. A learning disability does not
disfigure or leave visible signs that would invite others to be understanding
or offer support (Council for Exceptional Children (CEC),1999). Therefore as
teachers it will be our responsibility to provide that understanding and
support for those children already diagnosed and also be alert to the warning
signs that may be symptoms of a previously undetected disability.
Types of Learning Disabilities
There are many types of learning disabilities that can hinder a child's scholastic performance. These include: dyscalculia; dysgraphia; dysphasia; auditory, memory, and processing disability; and dyslexia.
Dyslexia is when a person has difficulty translating language to thought or thought to language. This person would have problems with expressive and/or receptive oral and written language; you would see trouble with reading, spelling, writing, speaking, listening, and mathematics.
If someone was trouble with arithmetic or solving problems, you might suspect they have dyscalculia. A person with this disability has much difficulty solving basic math problems.
A writing disorder called dysgraphia causes a person to have difficulty forming letters or writing in a defined space. Most of the time their handwriting is illegible.
Dyspraxia interferes with a person's ability to make controlled and/or coordinated physical reaction to a situation; their reactions may be inappropriate to the situation.
in society today. Many people have different attitude toward disabled
people. There are certain stereotypes that many people in society
often link with disabled people. These are a few of those stereotypes:
aggressive, tragic and in need of pity and receivers of charity. Some
people see people with disabilities as incapable, inadequate and of
low intelligence, a super crip, someone who is marvellous, exceptional
or inspirational, a person who has courage and bravery, people that
smile and are cheerful in the face if adversity or someone who is
bitter with a chip on their shoulder.
To understand the different aspects of disability, two models have
been created; these are the social model and the medical model. The
medical model is where the disabled person is seen as being the
problem; the body is seen as sick and in need of a cure. The opinion
of the medical model is that a successful cure or rehabilitation will
make the disabled person normal. The social model is where the medical
condition of the disabled is seen as being just part of the problem.
The opinion of the social model is that society is prepared only to
fulfil the needs of non disabled people. My investigation will use an
access audit, and two articles to explore attitude towards disabled
people and to identify any barriers they face in terms of access and
attitude. I will consider what attitudes towards disabled people are
suggested and communicated by these are sources. I shall highlight
whether or not the sources offer a positive or negative view of
disability. I shall consider the common stereotypes of disabled people
and see if any of the sources reflect them.