Autor: monstr_55 11 March 2010
Words: 585 | Pages: 3
Artworks: Native Flowers, Mixed Flowers and Implement BLue
Margaret Preston was born on the 29th of April 1875 in Port Adelaide. Throughout her career, she produced over 400 artworks applying diverse techniques such as etching, monotyping, woodcutting, stenciling and painting. She was both a painter, specializing in still life, landscape, and portraits, and a print maker. She is widely recognized as one of the most famous female Australian artists.
Margaret studied art in Victoria and Adelaide. She also studied under William Lister Lister, and Frederick McCubbin, one of the founders of the Heidelberg School, an art movement in Australia during the late 19th century. Her art was shaped by the influences of her international travels and studies in Europe between 1904 and 1919, including to Munich, Paris, Italy, Spain and Holland.
In Europe, she was inspired by French post-impressionists. While using impressionistic techniques, post-impressionists preferred to take more of an interest to form and structure, as well as using thick, bold, visible brushstrokes. Preston was inspired at that time by famous artists such as Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, and Vincent Van Gogh.
Preston also traveled to Japan and South East Asia, increasing the aspects of asymmetrical design and close observation in her work. Especially inspired by Japanese printmaking, Preston cut bold and decorative prints and used them in many artworks as well as landscape prints.
Her later paintings and monotypes show that she had a great interest in Aboriginal art. She often used Australian subjects in her work and used techniques she developed during her travels. This was unusual for artists back then because this was during the time of Ð²Ð‚?White AustraliaÐ²Ð‚â„¢.
In 1929, Preston became the first female artist commissioned by the Art Gallery of New South Wales to paint a self-portrait. Preston later gained international recognition in 1937 when she was awarded a Silver Medal at the Paris International Exhibition.
Margaret Preston created over 400 artworks, three of these are:
PrestonÐ²Ð‚â„¢s Ð²Ð‚?Native FlowersÐ²Ð‚â„¢ (1943), which is an example of a Flowerpiece still life painting, is of a brass flowerpot with Australian Banksia flowers on a wooden table in front of a red-patterned background. Preston chose to paint the picture using warm, harmonious colours to provide the illusion of the Australian heat. It was painted with Oil on a 51x51 cm canvas.
Her artwork, Ð²Ð‚?Mixed FlowersÐ²Ð‚â„¢ (1925), which is another example of a Flowerpiece still life painting, depicts a white flowerpot on a blue and white striped tablecloth in front of a white background. The very contrasting colour scheme is broken by the flowers in the pot, which vary from the different shades of pink, red and yellow. It was painted with oil on a 52x41.5 cm canvas.
Ð²Ð‚?Implement BlueÐ²Ð‚â„¢ (1927), is an example of Ð²Ð‚?The Breakfast PieceÐ²Ð‚â„¢, the arrangement of simple foods and objects. It shows three teacups, a large pitcher, a sugar bowl and a clear glass of water with a slice of lemon inside it lined up in two neat lines of three on a white table, showing a very contrasting change in colour for the shadows. The arrangement is in front of a black background with white stripes moving horizontally from one side to the next. It was painted using oil on a 42.5x43 cm canvas on paperboard.
Margaret died in 1963 in her home in Mosman at the age of 88. With her life dedicated to art, Margaret Preston has left behind a legacy for all the female artists in Australia.
"A picture that is meant to fill up a certain space,
should decorate that space."